Visit Website Did you know? At the Palace of Versailles, aristocrats were expected to compete for the privilege of watching Louis XIV wake up, eat meals and prepare for bed. Beginning intheir discontent erupted into a civil war known as the Fronde, which forced the royal family to flee Paris and instilled a lifelong fear of rebellion in the young king. A diplomatic necessity more than anything else, the union produced six children, of whom only one, Louissurvived to adulthood.
It is now time that I govern them myself. You [secretaries and ministers of state] will assist me with your counsels when I ask for them. I request and order you to seal no orders except by my command. I order you not to sign anything, not even a passport.
But Louis was quite serious. Louis proved willing to pay the price of being a strong ruler. He established a conscientious routine from which he seldom deviated, but he did not look upon his duties as drudgery since he judged his royal profession to be "grand, noble, and delightful.
Consequently, Louis and his court came to set the standard for monarchies and aristocracies all over Europe. Less than fifty years after his death, the great French writer Voltaire used the title "Age of Louis XIV" to describe his history of Europe from to Historians have tended to use it ever since Although Louis may have believed in the theory of absolute monarchy and consciously fostered the myth of himself as the Sun King, the source of light for all of his people, historians are quick to point out that the realities fell far short of the aspirations.
Despite the centralizing efforts of Cardinals Richelieu and Mazarin, France still possessed a bewildering system of overlapping authorities in the seventeenth century. Provinces had their own regional parlements, their own local Estates, their own sets of laws.
Members of the high nobility with their huge estates and clients among the lesser nobility still exercised much authority.
Both towns and provinces possessed privileges and powers seemingly from time immemorial that they would not easily relinquish. Instead of the high nobility and royal princes, Louis relied for his ministers on nobles who came from relatively new aristocratic families.
Such were Michel Le Tellier, secretary of state for war; Hugues de Lionne, secretary for foreign affairs; and Nicholas Fouquet, superintendent of finances. His ministers were expected to be subservient; said Louis, "I had no intention of sharing my authority with them.
The maintenance of religious harmony had long been considered an area of monarchical power. The desire to keep it led Louis into conflict with the French Huguenots and the papacy.
Perhaps he was motivated by religion, but it is more likely that Louis, who believed in the motto, "one king, one law, one faith," felt that the existence of this minority undermined his own political authority. His anti-Protestant policy, aimed at converting the Huguenots to Catholicism, began mildly by offering rewards, but escalated by to a policy of forced conversions.
The most favored method was to quarter French soldiers in Huguenot communities and homes with the freedom to misbehave so that their hosts would "see the light quickly. In OctoberLouis issued the Edict of Fontainebleau.
In addition to revoking the Edict of Nantes, the new edict provided for the destruction of Huguenot churches and the closing of their schools. Al though they were forbidden to leave France, it is estimated thatHuguenots left for shelter in En gland, the United Provinces, and the German states.
Through their exodus, France lost people who had commercial and industrial skills, although some modern scholars have argued this had only a minor impact on the French economy.Louis XIV, byname Louis the Great, Louis the Grand Monarch, or the Sun King, Although he had been proclaimed of age, the king did not dream of disputing the cardinal’s absolute power.
The war begun in between France and Spain was then entering its last phase. Absolutism, the political doctrine and practice of unlimited centralized authority and absolute sovereignty, as vested especially in a monarch or iridis-photo-restoration.com essence of an absolutist system is that the ruling power is not subject to regularized challenge or check by any other agency, be it judicial, legislative, religious, economic, or electoral..
King . Watch video · King Louis XIV of France led an absolute monarchy during France’s classical age. He revoked the Edict of Nantes and . Louis was an absolute monarch and I will explain why. A reason for him considered an absolute monarch is that he had the longest reign of power in all of Europe’s history.
Louis XIV ruled from until , which means he ruled 69 years. The effort to take power away from Louis XIV was called  Rioters drove the young king from his palace.
solidify his power as an absolute monarch Louis XIV never forgot about the uprising decided to take complete control of government and.
The film, The Taking of Power by Louis XIV (), directed by Roberto Rossellini, shows Louis's rise to power after the death of Cardinal Mazarin.
The film, Le Roi Danse (; translated: The King Dances), directed by Gérard Corbiau, reveals Louis through the eyes of Jean-Baptiste Lully, his court musician.