Euthanasia Factsincluding graphs of data on people who attempted suicide, facts sheets, FAQs, debate points, books, videos etc.
The first apparent usage of the term "euthanasia" belongs to the historian Suetoniuswho described how the Emperor Augustus"dying quickly and without suffering in the arms of his wife, Livia, experienced the 'euthanasia' he had wished for.
In particular, these include situations where a person kills another, painlessly, but for no reason beyond that of personal gain; or accidental deaths that are quick and painless, but not intentional.
A kills another person B for the benefit of the second person, who actually does benefit from being killed". Based on this, she offered a definition incorporating those elements, stating that euthanasia "must be defined as death that results from the intention of one person to kill another person, using the most gentle and painless means possible, that is motivated solely by the best interests of the person who dies.
Their definition specifically discounts fetuses to distinguish between abortions and euthanasia: In response, Wreen argued that euthanasia has to be voluntary, and that "involuntary euthanasia is, as such, a great wrong".
Hence, euthanasia can be voluntary only. In the definitions offered by Beauchamp and Davidson and, later, by Wreen, consent on the part of the patient was not considered as one of their criteria, although it may have been required to justify euthanasia. Voluntary euthanasia See also: Right to die Voluntary euthanasia is conducted with the consent of the patient.
Active voluntary euthanasia is legal in Belgium, Luxembourg and the Netherlands. Passive voluntary euthanasia is legal throughout the US per Cruzan v. Director, Missouri Department of Health. When the patient brings about his or her own death with the assistance of a physician, the term assisted suicide is often used instead.
Assisted suicide is legal in Switzerland and the U. Non-voluntary euthanasia Non-voluntary euthanasia is conducted when the consent of the patient is unavailable. Examples include child euthanasiawhich is illegal worldwide but decriminalised under certain specific circumstances in the Netherlands under the Groningen Protocol.
Involuntary euthanasia Involuntary euthanasia is conducted against the will of the patient. Passive and active euthanasia Voluntary, non-voluntary and involuntary types can be further divided into passive or active variants. While some authors consider these terms to be misleading and unhelpful, they are nonetheless commonly used.
In some cases, such as the administration of increasingly necessary, but toxic doses of painkillersthere is a debate whether or not to regard the practice as active or passive. Euthanasia, in the sense of the deliberate hastening of a person's death, was supported by SocratesPlato and Seneca the Elder in the ancient world, although Hippocrates appears to have spoken against the practicewriting "I will not prescribe a deadly drug to please someone, nor give advice that may cause his death" noting there is some debate in the literature about whether or not this was intended to encompass euthanasia.
In his work, Euthanasia medica, he chose this ancient Greek word and, in doing so, distinguished between euthanasia interior, the preparation of the soul for death, and euthanasia exterior, which was intended to make the end of life easier and painless, in exceptional circumstances by shortening life.
That the ancient meaning of an easy death came to the fore again in the early modern period can be seen from its definition in the 18th century Zedlers Universallexikon: According to Marx, a doctor had a moral duty to ease the suffering of death through encouragement, support and mitigation using medication.This essay has been submitted by a law student.
This is not an example of the work written by our professional essay writers.
United States Law And History On Euthanasia. But once you legalize euthanasia you create a precedent which, as I have said before, is going to be exploited God knows in how many different and diverse situations.
And someone’s right to die should never violate someone else’s right to live. Efforts to change government policies on euthanasia of humans in the 20th and 21st centuries have met limited success in Western iridis-photo-restoration.com euthanasia policies have also been developed by a variety of NGOs, most notably medical associations and advocacy iridis-photo-restoration.com of March , active human euthanasia is legal in the Netherlands, Belgium, Colombia, Luxembourg, and Canada.
Euthanasia is the intentional ending of a patient's life by a physician, usually by lethal injection.; Physician-assisted suicide refers to the ending of life through the voluntary self-administration of lethal medications, expressly prescribed by a physician for that purpose.; Physician-assisted suicide and euthanasia are legal and widely practiced in Colombia and the Netherlands.
IF MERCY KILLING BECOMES LEGAL. Many people support the right of a terminally ill patient to die - but what if the right becomes an obligation???
And what of the potential for abuse by impatient heirs??? On June 26, , the US Supreme Court ruled that gay marriage is a right protected by the US Constitution in all 50 states. Prior to their decision, same-sex marriage was already legal in 37 states and Washington DC, but was banned in the remaining