When Major dies, two young pigs, Snowball and Napoleonassume command and consider it a duty to prepare for the Rebellion.
Three nights later old Major died peacefully in his sleep. His body was buried at the foot of the orchard. This was early in March. During the next three months there was much secret activity. Major's speech had given to the more intelligent animals on the farm a completely new outlook on life.
They did not know when the Rebellion predicted by Major would take place, they had no reason for thinking that it would be within their own lifetime, but they saw clearly that it was their duty to prepare for it.
The work of teaching and organising the others fell naturally upon the pigs, who were generally recognised as being the cleverest of the animals.
Pre-eminent among the pigs were two young boars named Snowball and Napoleon, whom Mr. Jones was breeding up for sale. Napoleon was a large, rather fierce-looking Berkshire boar, the only Berkshire on the farm, not much of a talker, but with a reputation for getting his own way.
Snowball was a more vivacious pig than Napoleon, quicker in speech and more inventive, but was not considered to have the same depth of character.
All the other male pigs on the farm were porkers. The best known among them was a small fat pig named Squealer, with very round cheeks, twinkling eyes, nimble movements, and a shrill voice. He was a brilliant talker, and when he was arguing some difficult point he had a way of skipping from side to side and whisking his tail which was somehow very persuasive.
The others said of Squealer that he could turn black into white. These three had elaborated old Major's teachings into a complete system of thought, to which they gave the name of Animalism.
Several nights a week, after Mr. Jones was asleep, they held secret meetings in the barn and expounded the principles of Animalism to the others.
At the beginning they met with much stupidity and apathy.
Some of the animals talked of the duty of loyalty to Mr. Jones, whom they referred to as "Master," or made elementary remarks such as "Mr. If he were gone, we should starve to death.
The stupidest questions of all were asked by Mollie, the white mare. The very first question she asked Snowball was: Besides, you do not need sugar. You will have all the oats and hay you want.
Can you not understand that liberty is worth more than ribbons? The pigs had an even harder struggle to counteract the lies put about by Moses, the tame raven. Moses, who was Mr.
Jones's especial pet, was a spy and a tale-bearer, but he was also a clever talker. He claimed to know of the existence of a mysterious country called Sugarcandy Mountain, to which all animals went when they died.
It was situated somewhere up in the sky, a little distance beyond the clouds, Moses said. In Sugarcandy Mountain it was Sunday seven days a week, clover was in season all the year round, and lump sugar and linseed cake grew on the hedges.
The animals hated Moses because he told tales and did no work, but some of them believed in Sugarcandy Mountain, and the pigs had to argue very hard to persuade them that there was no such place. Their most faithful disciples were the two cart-horses, Boxer and Clover.
These two had great difficulty in thinking anything out for themselves, but having once accepted the pigs as their teachers, they absorbed everything that they were told, and passed it on to the other animals by simple arguments.
They were unfailing in their attendance at the secret meetings in the barn, and led the singing of 'Beasts of England', with which the meetings always ended. Now, as it turned out, the Rebellion was achieved much earlier and more easily than anyone had expected.
In past years Mr.The pigs Napoleon, Snowball and Squealer secretly change four of the seven commandments of Animalism in George Orwell's "Animal Farm" after breaking the farm's laws.
Over time, these seven commandments become two prevailing laws. The Seven Commandments from George Orwell’s Animal Farm which was first published in Animal Farm is a satire on Stalinism and the Russian revolution.
Animal Farm is a satire on Stalinism and the Russian revolution. A summary of Themes in George Orwell's Animal Farm. Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of Animal Farm and what it means.
Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans. In George Orwell's novella Animal Farm, the pigs change the Seven Commandments after they start carrying whips and walking like humans.
Instead of having all seven "rules", they change them to a single idea: All animals are created . The pigs end up thinking any animal who walks on four legs or has wings in inferior. - George Orwell's Animal Farm George Orwell's goal in writing the novel Animal Farm was to portray the events surrounding the Russian revolution that took place in Orwell's tale of Animal Farm is seemingly a story of how a group of farmyard animals plot to overthrow their owner and seize control of the land.